Pickleball is considered to be the fastest-growing recreational sport in the US since 2019, and quite possibly in the world. If you’ve never played, pickleball is essentially a cross between tennis, badminton and table tennis.
The court size is smaller and the ball moves slower than in tennis, which allows people of all ages to play at a competitive level. From young families to retirees, pickleball is a fun, social, low-impact way to stay active.
As enjoyable and beneficial as pickleball can be, like with all sports, it’s important to take some steps to prevent injury so you can stay on the court.
Most common pickleball injuries
These are the most common injuries we see in our orthopedic clinic as a result of pickleball:
- Extremity injuries: Like many racquet sports, your extremities are most at risk. Many upper extremity injuries are due to overuse and repetitive wear and tear. Lower extremities can occur as the player moves to get to the ball.
- Low back strains
- Muscular strains
- Ankle sprains
- Rotator cuff injuries
Lateral epicondylitis, more commonly known as tennis elbow—now pickleball elbow—is on the rise as well.
According to a recent study of pickleball-related injuries in the ER, 90% of the injuries affected people aged 50 and older and approximately half were either sprains or fractures.
How to prevent pickleball injuries
As with all sports, injury prevention is key. Fortunately, there are many ways you can prevent an injury from happening:
- Stretch: To begin with, do some quick stretches to warm up the muscles and start stretching out the tendons.
- Shoes: Since most courts are outdoors, you should be wearing court shoes.
- Clear the court: Before you start playing, clear any debris on the court.
- Hydrate: Make sure you drink plenty of water. This can prevent heart stroke and dizziness in warmer weather.
What to do if you get injured
Unfortunately, injuries are unavoidable in any sport. Most minor sprains and strains should be managed with the basics of RICE. If you injure any joint, immediately:
- Rest it
- Apply ice to minimize the inflammation that will develop in the injured tissue (ligaments, tendons, etc.)
- Apply compression with an elastic bandage
- Elevate the injury to minimize swelling
If appropriate, you can take over-the-counter medications to help relieve the pain and swelling. If you are unable to move the joint and worry there could be a fracture and/or dislocation, seek professional medical attention for an X-ray and further evaluation. You can start with your primary care physician—keep in mind that he or she may refer you to an orthopedic specialist if necessary.
This article was co-authored with Asiya Yousuf.
About the author
Khalid Yousuf, MD, MS, is an orthopedic surgeon on the medical staff at Baylor Scott & White Medical Center – Plano, Baylor Scott & White Medical Center – McKinney and Baylor Scott & White Medical Center – Centennial. He focuses on hip and knee replacements. He utilizes surgical and technological advancements to offer his patients relief from joint pain, including partial knee replacements and anterior hip approach. He received advanced training in joint replacement surgery at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN. Dr. Yousuf attended medical school at Louisiana State University in New Orleans and completed his orthopedic residency at the University of Oklahoma. In his free time, Dr. Yousuf enjoys spending time with his wife and three daughters. They love cooking, traveling and swimming together.