Occasional aches and pains in your hip can be normal, but what about hip pain that doesn’t improve or continues to get worse? Have you tried resting and doing the exercises and stretches Dr. Google recommended, but nothing is helping? Have normal activities like putting on your socks and shoes become difficult?
Hip problems are often confusing, as the symptoms may seem to indicate another issue such as lower back problems, groin pulls, hernias, gynecologic problems and even knee pain. It’s not uncommon for people to see multiple specialists before it becomes apparent that the hip is the source of the pain.
Let’s talk about hip pain and the most common treatment paths.
Uncovering the cause of your hip pain
The best first step in figuring out the source of hip pain is an X-ray, which is a quick and relatively inexpensive option to evaluate the bones of your hips and rule in or out something like a broken bone or hip arthritis.
An orthopedic surgeon who specializes in the hip can help determine what the X-ray uncovers and make recommendations on the next step in treatment.
Conservative treatment options will often fix the problem and are usually the first step. These include:
- Anti-inflammatory medications
- Ice and heat
- Physical therapy
If the pain continues, more advanced imaging such as an MRI is helpful in looking for other common sources of hip pain like a labral tear, hip impingement or trochanteric bursitis. Based on the findings, additional treatment options may be recommended. These may include dedicated hip physical therapy, steroid injections, prescription anti-inflammatory medications, and a cane or walker.
Your hip surgery options
When conservative measures fail, it may be time for surgery—either hip preservation or hip replacement. But which is the best choice? It depends on each person, the condition, overall health and what kind of lifestyle you want to lead after surgery.
Hip preservation surgery aims to preserve the hip you were born with. The goal is to prevent or significantly delay the need for hip replacement down the road.
The procedure improves the function of the hip joint without the need for artificial parts or removing significant amounts of tissue. Typically, you can return to full activity 4-6 months after surgery.
Hip preservation is typically the better option for people without advanced arthritis who tend to be younger and more active. However, hip preservation may also be right for older people who do not have severe arthritis, as well as anyone experiencing chronic hip issues not primarily caused by arthritis. This may include labral tears, hip impingement, hip dysplasia, trochanteric bursitis and snapping hip.
- Minimally invasive procedure typically done through incisions < 1cm in size
- No need for a hospital stay (you can go home the same day)
- Keeps and restores your own hip anatomy
- Improved hip pain and mobility
- Allows you to return to high-impact sports and recreational activities
- Helps potentially avoid future hip replacement
- Initial period of limited weight bearing on the surgery-side leg with the use of crutches
- More intensive physical therapy is needed during recovery
- May still require hip replacement in the future
Hip replacement is the more well-known procedure. During the procedure, the surgeon removes the arthritis in the hip and replaces the joint with a prosthesis usually made of metal and plastic components. The typical lifespan of a well-fixed and positioned hip replacement can be up to 25-30 years.
Hip replacement is usually the best option for advanced hip arthritis, which typically makes it the go-to procedure for older people. It may also be the best option for a younger person based on the anatomy of the joint—how much cartilage remains and the space between the ball and socket of the joint.
- You can put full weight on the hip immediately after the procedure, while using walker
- Limited and sometimes no physical therapy is needed
- Near immediate relief of hip pain
- Improved hip mobility
- Return to full activity typically by three months
- More invasive, open procedure
- Typically requires an overnight hospital stay
- Prosthesis has a lifespan of 25-30 years if well fixed, but it can be less
- Need for lifelong use of antibiotics prior to routine procedures like dental cleaning
- Risk of infection or instability can mean multiple revision surgeries to repair
Next steps for your hip pain
The good news with these two procedures is that they are both highly effective at alleviating hip pain and restoring function. A well-trained hip surgeon can help you figure out which procedure is best for you to end the pain and get you back to what you love doing.
Experiencing hip pain? Take this quick hip pain quiz to see whether you should see a doctor.
About the author
Sheena Black, MD, is an orthopedic sports medicine surgeon on the medical staff at Baylor Scott & White Medical Center – McKinney, Baylor University Medical Center and Baylor Scott & White Sports Medicine at The Star in Frisco. Dr. Black specializes in sports medicine and arthroscopic procedures of the hip, knee and shoulder.